Bicycle Parking Ordinance: Pittsburgh
To further the intent of this Chapter to allow flexibility and equity in addressing vehicle parking issues and to present a menu of parking allocation strategies, this section requires and incentivizes bicycle parking. This section seeks to facilitate the lessening of carrelated congestion in the City by promoting bicycle commuting by requiring the provision of adequate and safe facilities for the storage of bicycles. Further, this section allows a reduction in required automobile parking spaces when bicycle parking is accommodated, creating a benefit for meeting the requirements of this Chapter.
914.05.A Special Definitions
1. Bicycle Parking Space means a four (4) feet by six (6) feet space provided for locking up to two (2) bicycles to a City approved Bicycle Rack or a bicycle locker that can store up to two (2) bicycles per unit.
2. Bicycle Rack means a stationary device with a base that can wedge anchors for surface mounting, provides steel tubing one (1) inch to four (4) inches thick, containing locking points between one (1) feet and three (3) feet off the ground and a gap near the bottom for pedal clearance, enabling one to lock a bicycle frame and one of the wheels with a standard U-Lock. Such a rack must be able to accommodate at least two (2) bicycles upright by rack frame.
3. Protected Bicycle Parking Spaces are secure facilities which protect the entire bicycle, its components and accessories against theft and against inclement weather, including wind-driven rain. This type of facility includes, but is not limited to bicycle lockers, check-in facilities, monitored bicycle parking, restricted access parking, and personal storage.
4. Unprotected Bicycle Parking Spaces are Bicycle Racks which permit the locking of the bicycle frame and one wheel to the rack and which support the bicycle in a stable position without damage to wheels, frame or components.
5. Low Occupancy Facility means a building or use with limited customer or nonemployee contact and less than one (1) employee per every ten thousand (10,000) square feet of gross floor area.
914.05.B Locations and Facilities
1. Bicycle parking shall be provided in a well-lighted area.
2. Bicycle parking shall be at least as conveniently located as the most convenient automobile spaces, other than those spaces for persons with disabilities. Safe and convenient means of ingress and egress to bicycle parking facilities shall be provided. Safe and convenient shall include, but is not limited to stairways, elevators and
3. Bicycle Parking facilities shall not interfere with accessible paths of travel or accessible parking as required by the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.
4. Protected and Unprotected Bicycle Racks shall be located in highly visible areas to minimize theft and vandalism.
5. In cases of structured automobile parking, Protected Bicycle Parking Spaces shall be used.
6. Alternative Locations. In the event that compliance with Section 914.05.B may not be feasible because of demonstrable hardship, the Zoning Administrator may approve an alternative storage location. The Zoning Administrator shall be guided by the following criteria:
a. Such alternative facilities shall be well-lighted and secure.
b. All Bicycle Parking Spaces outside of a building shall be located within a one hundred (100) foot diameter of the primary building entrance.
c. Bicycle Racks may be placed in the public right-of-way provided that the building owner attains an encroachment permit for the installation of racks in the public right-of-way from the Department of Public Works.
914.05.C Layout of Spaces
Bicycle Parking Spaces or alternative spaces approved by the Zoning Administrator shall be laid out according to the following:
1. All bicycle parking areas shall afford a four (4) foot wide access aisle to ensure safe access to spaces.
2. Bicycle parking and automobile parking shall be located so as to protect bicycles from damage.
3. In cases where Bicycle Parking Spaces are not visible from the primary street, signage shall be used to direct cyclists safely to bicycle parking areas.
4. All Bicycle Racks and lockers shall be securely anchored to the ground or building structure.
5. Bicycle Parking Spaces shall not interfere with pedestrian circulation and shall adhere to ADA requirements.
6. Bicycle parking shall be an integral part of the overall site layout and designed to minimize visual clutter.
914.05.E Off-Street Parking Reduction for Bicycle Parking
1. A reduction in the number of off-street parking spaces required by Section 914.02.A (excluding parking spaces for persons with disabilities) shall be permitted for the
provision of bicycle parking provided that:
(a) No fee is required for using the bicycle parking made available;
(b) When calculation of the maximum number of reduced parking spaces results in a fraction, the resulting number shall be rounded to the next highest integer.
2. The reduction in the number of automobile parking spaces shall be reduced by no more than one (1) space for each Bicycle Parking Space, but by no more than thirty (30) percent of the total required spaces.
3. This provision can not be applied to Single-Unit Residential, Two-Unit Residential, Three-Unit Residential, Animal Care, Car Wash, Salvage Yard, Service Station, and Vehicle/Equipment Repair uses.
4. For unlisted uses and uses requiring Parking Demand Analysis (Section 914.02.B), bicycle parking shall be integrated into a comprehensive, multimodal transportation plan approach. The extent of required parking and incentive reductions for any mode of travel will reflect the planned, apparent or potential system connectivity opportunities of that area in relation to the City transportation network.