City of Davis Bicycle Parking Ordinance
BICYCLE PARKING GUIDELINES
Bicycle parking facilities are provided throughout the downtown area, the Amtrak station site, the Mace Boulevard Park and Ride lot, and at many Unitrans/Yolobus shelter locations. In addition, standard conditions are placed on development projects to incorporate bicycle parking facilities when constructing, redeveloping or expanding commercial and multi-family
projects within the city.
The requirement to provide adequate bicycle parking for the various land uses within the city is contained in the city’s zoning ordinance. It is the function of the Design Review Process to assess the bicycle parking plan of developers and project applicants to ensure that adequate facilities are provided. The following features shall be considered.
1.The quantity of parking shall adequately consider the nature of the land use, its proximity to bike routes, and other factors that may affect bicycle parking.
2. Bicycle parking shall be located on the project to promote its use. Bike racks should be visible and as close as possible to the main entrance or doorway of the cyclist’s destination.
3. The bicycle circulation within the project shall be adequately considered to minimize conflicts and hazards with motor vehicles.
4. Bicycle racks must be conducive for use with the most common locking devices: “u-locks.”
5. Bicycle parking must be illuminated at night.
6. Bicycle parking should be sheltered, if possible.
7. Bicycle parking shall be at least as convenient as the planned motor vehicle parking.
8. In order to prevent damage to bicycles, racks must support them with at least two contact points (e.g. inverted “U” racks). Therefore, some rack types formerly used by the city (e.g. “ribbon racks”) are no longer considered acceptable.
The amount of bicycle parking needed for a particular project depends upon a variety of factors such as the type of occupancy, the location and proximity to streets with heavy bicycle traffic, and the relationship of the project to adjacent and nearby businesses, etc. The following are suggested amounts of bicycle parking for several types of land use. These amounts can be adjusted up or down for a particular project as circumstances suggest.
1. For multi-family residential, two bicycle parking spaces per dwelling unit.
2. Commercial, all zones, bicycle spaces numbering 30 percent of motor vehicle spaces otherwise required.
3. Provide one bicycle space for every two employees during the heaviest work shift in addition to bicycle parking otherwise required for visitors/patrons. This parking may be located separately from the public parking but shall be at least as convenient as employee motor vehicle parking.
4. For public facilities (such as municipal offices, parks, swimming pools, museums, parks, auditoriums, churches and similar uses), provide bicycle spaces numbering 30 percent of the motor vehicle parking normally required or immediately available to the facility.
5. Public and private schools K-12, provide bicycle spaces numbering 85 percent of peak enrollment. For post-secondary, provide spaces at least 50 percent of peak enrollment. Experience has shown that modest amounts of bicycle parking at many dispersed locations is preferable to a few high capacity facilities. Cyclists tend to avoid bike parking facilities unless they are very close to their destination. The best way to determine the need and amount of bicycle parking is to identify those locations where parked bikes exceed the available parking, and to find those locations where bikes are parked and no
parking is provided. In this manner, parking can be provided to meet the need. The relocation of unused parking facilities to higher demand locations can help make available resources go farther.
The city’s bike map shows rest facilities (generally day use areas with rest room facilities) that may be used by bicyclists. Also shown are bike shops and a few points of interest. Since Davis is an urban area, commercial establishments that provide air, water, shopping, food, telephones, etc. are readily available either along the bicycle routes or in close proximity to them.
There are no public facilities for changing and storing clothes and equipment. The only public showering facilities available are at the four public swimming pool complexes. City employees have access to shower facilities at the Corporation Yard and the Parks and Community Services Operations office on 5th Street. Storage of clothes and equipment is limited to 32 bicycle storage lockers that are available on a monthly rental basis. These lockers are currently located at the Mace Blvd. Park & Ride lot, the Capital Corridor Train Depot, City Hall and the Corporation Yard. Facilities available for changing clothing is limited to public restrooms associated with public buildings, parks and sports complexes. With the exception of the bicycle storage lockers available for individual rent, none of the other facilities noted above allow 24-hour access for the general public.